You should have learned magnetism in form 3. In form 3, you learned that:
- A magnet can attract certain type of metal.
- The metals that can be attracted by a magnet are called the “magnetic materials” of “ferromagnetic materials”. Examples of magnetic materials are iron, steel, nickel and cobalt.
Magnetic Field Line
The magnetic filed of a magnet is represented by the magnetic field line. The magnetic field line flowing out from the North pole and flowing into the South pole.
The distance between the field lines represent the strength of the field, the closer the field line, the stronger the field. In the diagram, the magnetic field A is stronger than magnetic field B because the line in magnetic field A is closer.
Compass in a magnetic Field
The pattern and the direction of a magnetic field can be determined by a compass. The pointer of the compass is always in the direction of the magnetic field. In figure (b) above, we can see that when a few compasses are put near to a bar magnet, the pointer of the compasses are all in the direction of the magnetic field.
If a compass is placed near to a current carrying wire, the pointer of the compass will point along the direction of the magnetic field generated by the current. This will discuss in electromagnetism.